Avoidant Personality Disorder

avoidant-personality-200x186.jpgDefinition:

This is a type of personality where the person avoids social situations and close interpersonal relationships because they fear rejection.

Symptoms:

1. Person keeps thinking about their own bad luck
2. Person only forms relationships if they believe they will not be rejected
3. Person chooses loneliness over connecting for fear of rejection
4. Person avoids activities or jobs that involve contact with others
5. Person believes they are not good socially

Causes:

1. Influenced by combination of social, genetic, and biological factors

Treatment:

1. Medication= makes person less sensitive
  • antidepressant
  • mood-stabilizing
  • anti-anxiety
  • anti-psychotic
2. Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Psychodymanic psychotherapy
  • Psycho-educational therapy
  • Dialectical Behavioral therapy
3. Hospitalization
  • Psychiatric Hospitalization

Anecdote:

1. www.avoidantpersonality.com/stories/personalstories.htm
2. www.angelfire.com/home/bphoenix1/avoidantpers.html

Sources:

1. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PM0001936/
2. www.minddisorders.com/A-Br/Avoidant-personality-disorder.html
3. www.angelfire.com/home/bphoenix1/avoidantpers.html

Recommended Best Source:

**www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PM0001936/**


Histrionic Personality Disorder

histrionic.jpgDefinition:

One of a group of conditions called dramatic personality disorders. Histrionic means "dramatic or theatrical."

Symptoms:

1. Constantly seeking attention
2. Excessively emotional
3. Extreme sensitivity to others' approval
4. Unstable mood
5. Excessive concern with physical appearance

Causes:

1. Genetics
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder runs in the family
2. Environment
  • Child whose parent has the disorder might be repeating learned behavior
  • Lack of criticism or punishment

Treatment:

1. Medication
  • Can help some symptoms
2. Psychotherapy
  • The best treatment for this disorder
  • Helps person uncover motivations and fears associated with their thoughts and behaviors
  • Helps person learn to relate to others in a more positive way

Anecdote:

1. www.salon.com/life/since_you_asked/2010/08/16/histrionic_personality

Sources:

1. www.mayoclinic.com/health/personality-disorders/DS00562
2. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002498
3. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Personality_Disorders/hic_Histrionic_Personality_Disorder.aspx

Recommended Best Source:

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002498



Borderline Personality DisorderDefinition:

This is another type of personality disorder where the person has stormy mood swings that last for a while. These include feelings about borderline2.jpgthemselves and others.

Symptoms:

1. Impulsive and risky behavior
2. Volatile relationships
3. Unstable mood
4. Suicidal behavior
5. Fear of being alone
6. Emptiness and boredom

Causes:

1. Genetics
  • Personality disorders are inherited
2. Environment
  • History of child abuse, neglect and separation from loved ones
3. Brain abnormalities
  • Changes in emotion regulation, impulsiveness, and aggression parts of the brain
  • Brain chemicals, such as serotonin, which regulates mood, may not function properly

Treatment:

1. Medication
  • Can't cure, but helps depression, impulsiveness, and anxiety
  • Antidepressants, anti-psychotic, and anti-anxiety medications
2. Psychotherapy
  • Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT)
    • Designed for borderline personality disorder
    • Skill based approach to teach how to regulate emotions, tolerate stress and improve relationships
    • Individual, group, or phone counseling
  • Transferena-focused psychotherapy (TFP)
    • Focuses on therapist-client relationship
    • Helps understand emotions and difficulties developed in relationship
    • Use what they learned in other relationships
3. Hospitalization
  • Keeps them safe from injuring themselves (best chance for success)

Anecdote:

1. http://answers.psychcentral.com/RelationshipsandSex/hes-not-taking-it-seriously--/
2. http://organizedwisdom.com/Borderline_Personality_Disorders_Stories
3. www.associatedcontent.com/article/1635182/is_my_mother_truly_crazy?cat=25

Sources:

1. http://answers.psychcentral.com/RelationshipsandSex/hes-not-taking-it-seriously--/
2. http://organizedwisdom.com/Borderline_Personality_Disorders_Stories
3. www.associatedcontent.com/article/1635182/is_my_mother_truly_crazy?cat=25
4. www.mayoclinic.com/health/borderline-personality-disorder/DS00442
5. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001931

Recommended Best Source:

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/borderline-personality-disorder/DS00442



Narcissistic Personality Disorder

narcissistic-personality-disorder-21492498.jpgDefinition:

This is a personality disorder where the person feels overly self-important, and because of this, always look for attention.

Symptoms:

1. React to criticism with rage, shame, or humiliation
2. Take advantage of others for personal gain
3. Have excessive feelings of self-importance
4. Exaggerate achievements and talents
5. Pursue mainly selfish goals
6. Have obsessive self-interest
7. Disregards others' feelings
8. Need constant attention and admiration

Causes:

1. Inherited tendencies (genetics)
2. Environment
  • Life situations

Treatment:

1. Psychotherapy
2. Medications
3. Hospitalization

Anecdote:

1. http://www.angelfire.com/home/bphoenix/antis.html
2. http://organizedwisdom.com

Sources:

1. http://www.ncbi.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001935
2. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/personality-disorders/DS00562
3. http://www.nmha.org/go/information/get-info/personality-disorders

Recommended Best Source:

http://www.ncbi.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001935



Anti-Social Personality Disorder

antisocial1.jpgDefinition:

This is a personality disorder where the person's way of thinking, relating to others, and perceiving situations is off, and the product is usually destructive. Also known as sociopathic personality disorder.

Symptoms:

1. Disregard for others
2. Persistent lying or stealing
3. Recurring difficulty with the law
4. Repeatedly violating the rights of others
5. Aggressive, often violent, behavior
6. Disregard for the safety of self or others

Causes:

1. Inherited tendencies (genes)
  • Your nature
  • Your temperament
2. Environment (life situations)
  • Your surroundings
  • Nature vs. nurture

Treatment:

1. Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Dialectical behavior therapy
  • Psycho-dynamic psychotherapy
  • Psycho-educational

Anecdote:

1. http://www.angelfire.com/home/bphoenix1/antis.html
2. http://organizedwisdom.com/Antisocial_Personality_Disorders_Blogs_and_Personal_Stories

Sources:

1. http://www.nmha.org/go/information/get-info/personality-disorders
2. http://www.ncbi.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001935
3. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/personality-disorders/DS00562

Recommended Best Source:

www.ncbi.nic.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001935